Sahara Stories

A Trip to the Sahara Desert Can Be a Memorable One

sahara desert

A trip to the Sahara Desert can be a memorable experience. The storied desert, whose name comes from the Arabic, evokes a sense of antiquity and power, of time and nature. Its arid landscape has also been the backdrop to pivotal chapters in Western history.


The Sahara desert is characterized by the hot summer and dry winter months. After this period of drought, rains begin to fall. In the lowlands, this rainy season is punctuated by storms. In winter, the temperatures can drop below zero. Historically, the Sahara has benefited from natural climate changes thousands of years ago.

During the summer, the temperature of the Sahara can reach more than 40 degC. At night, it may dip to as low as -25 degF. The sandstorms that rage in the Sahara can even reach Europe. Despite the harsh conditions, the Sahara has a unique vegetation cover. It contains 1200 species of plants, most of which are xerophytes or ephemera.


The Sahara desert vegetation is very different from vegetation in other regions of the world. This vegetation is characterized by long growing seasons that extend over 300 days in some areas. In addition, the EVI2 amplitude and accumulated EVI2 are low in comparison with other ecosystems. The annual mean rainfall is between 300 and 400 mm.

The Sahara desert vegetation is characterized by cactus, acacia, and date palms. In some places, it is also possible to see desert gardens. However, this vegetation is extremely sparse.


The Sahara desert is one of the most arid environments on the planet. In the past, it was covered by the Tethys Sea hundreds of millions of years ago. But after tectonic plates began pushing Africa against Europe 40 million years ago, the area was transformed into a massive expanse of arid land. Today, this barren desert is home to a sparse plant life, including about 500 species of flora and fauna.

The most common animal living in the Sahara desert is the dromedary camel, which is widely domesticated and provides a valuable service to the desert nomads. Another interesting animal living in the Sahara is the Fennec fox, which has adapted to the hot, arid climate. Its large ears help it hear predators from a distance. It also releases its body heat through its ears and stays cool during hot days.


The Sahara desert is home to many people and has been so for centuries. The desert is rich in resources such as oil, gas, iron ore, and uranium. The people of the Sahara desert are predominantly nomadic. The main types of livestock are sheep and cattle. There are also many different ethnic groups that live in the desert.

The Sahara desert’s transformation is believed to have been influenced by human activity. Around 10,000 years ago, this region was covered with lush green vegetation. The spread of livestock and agriculture led to drastic changes in the ecosystem. Livestock trampled vegetation and increased albedo, which lowered rainfall and contributed to desertification. This created a vicious cycle that has contributed to aridity in the Sahara.


The Sahara desert is a region of Africa with an abundance of oil and gas resources. However, the Sahara is not as easily accessible as other oil enrichment areas. The cost of mining and transporting crude oil in this region is higher than that of other regions. The lack of convenient maritime transportation channels means that long pipelines must be laid to transport oil from the Sahara Desert.

Oil exploration in the Sahara Desert has become a burgeoning industry, despite the high costs. By 2020, 20 countries will be producing oil and gas in the region. Egypt, Algeria, and Nigeria account for the majority of oil produced in the region. By 2020, oil and gas from these countries will account for 20 percent of the world’s oil supply. Since oil prices have risen in recent years, oil exploration in this region has become a higher priority. In addition to the Sahara, new discoveries have been made in Ghana, Mozambique, and Kenya.

Natural gas

Algeria’s state oil and gas firm Sonatrach has made a significant gas discovery in the Sahara desert. Its initial evaluation suggests reserves of up to 340 billion cubic feet. It plans to start production at around 10 million m3/day in November 2022. That would make it one of the largest gas fields in Africa.

Developing this resource would require vast infrastructure improvements and investment in infrastructure and technology. But it could provide Algeria with an energetic base for industrialization. Algeria needs industrialization so that it can provide jobs to its rapidly expanding population. Infrastructure projects will be necessary to support the oil and gas industry, including pipelines, roads, and railways. Thousands of people will be needed to maintain the trucks needed for the transport of oil, gas, and other goods.

Trade routes

The Sahara Desert has long been an important trading area. Around the fifth century, Berber-speaking people from north and central Africa began to cross the desert. These people followed caravans that followed routes described in Arabic literature. At the time, the traders sought gold from central and western Sudan. This led to an increase in the trans-Saharan gold trade, which was tied to the development of the Soninke empire in Ghana.

While the sands of the Sahara desert were a major obstacle to travel, there were trade routes that allowed goods to be transported from the Sahara to the Mediterranean and beyond. The trade routes were often routed through cities in the desert fringes. Ports of trade were located in Timbuktu and Gao, as well as Ghadames in modern-day Libya. The goods transported via these routes eventually reached Europe, Arabia, and India.